14. FIELD REPORT FROM THE YANGTZE RIVER BASIN IN THE SOUTH (HUBEI, JIANGXI AND HUNAN) SEPTEMBER 8 - 16, 1998. Only in this way is farming possible, as the rivers often flow at levels considerably higher than the surrounding farmland (reportedly by more than 7 meters during the flooding). Crops and houses in the three most affected provinces of Hubei, Jiangxi and Hunan have been submerged by up to 6 metres of water for more than two months and the water level is not expected to recede for another two-three months. The deluge was not unexpected. The magnitude and impact of the flood disaster in the provinces around the Yangtze river in the south of China is overwhelming. II. Terje Skavdal, UNDAC To increase the agricultural capacity, artificial embankments were constructed and water was pumped out of lakes and rivers, thus creating new agricultural lands. The UNDAC/United Nations Inter-Agency mission. 82. However, at the level of hamlets local officials admitted that they had little control. 91. At this level the people themselves were active in repairing their houses and building emergency shelters with remains of collapsed buildings. Most of the flooded lands visited by the mission were rural and are particularly vulnerable to seasonal flooding. 105. A large number of flood victims do not have adequate shelter. Participants: Terje Skavdal (UNDAC), Gilbert Greenall (UNDAC), Ma Huiyun (UNDP China), Han Yujiao (MCA), Chen Yonggan (MCA interpreter), 08:10 - Flight 1609 to Changchun The following are terms of reference for the UNDAC mission to China, 8 - 24 September 1998. Following the immediate relief phase, conditions of the flood victims remain precarious. The provincial Government of Hubei informed the UN mission that it had plans to provide farmers with seeds, fertilizers, pesticides and tools to enable them to immediately begin farming when the flood waters recede. What’s new: China will invest 100 billion yuan ($15.2 billion) to reinforce reservoirs across the country over the next five years to enhance China’s flood prevention capabilities, the Ministry of Water Resources announced Monday. The dark and light shades of blue represent the conditional changes; Superimposed image - Normal/Flooded situation, (ERS-1) 09 June 1993 – (ERS-2) 01 August 1998, Hatoyama (Japan) 1993, Ulan Bator (Mongolia) 1998. Most of the dykes in the Yangtze river basin that burst had been built in the 1950s following a previous severe flooding disaster. These victims are the most vulnerable. Some one million People's Liberation Army personnel and others (farmers, villagers and the police) were deployed to fight flood waters. 86. Because of the scale of the flood disaster there was a need to identify the most vulnerable segments of the affected population and at the same time to distinguish between the overall need for development and the needs resulting from the flood. Medical care services and medicine are provided free of charge to the victims. The UNDAC/United Nations inter-agency mission recommends that in-country monitoring and coordination of international emergency assistance be strengthened, in order to cope with the expected increase in the volume of donations. Below is a summary of data for each province and salient features of the disaster. The dam has come under new scrutiny after devastating flooding over the past few weeks. In the southeastern Fujian province, flood killed 50 people, the provincial government spokesman said. Early warning systems were still in place in locations visited by the mission. Afternoon - Travel to Zhenlai County (about three hours by bus) Find help on how to use the site, read terms and conditions, view the FAQs and API documentation. The United Nations Disaster Assessment and Coordination (UNDAC) Team ensures close links between country-level and international relief coordination efforts following sudden-onset disasters. They live in insufficient shelter made of plastic sheeting, the Government has also provided some tents. The earliest potential cash crop, vegetables, could be harvested in January/February next year, followed by wheat and rape seed in May. 31 million people affected, 1.7 million people homeless, of which 1 million on dykes 67. Edward Hoekstra, WHO China 41. They should be provided with temporary shelter materials and tents, and material for emergency repair of damaged houses when the water recedes. Epidemiological surveillance is extremely important in any disaster situation, but especially where the expected morbidity is very difficult to predict. The problem in both provinces will be the financial mechanism by which food surplus in the unaffected areas can be distributed to the flood victims. Each county has supplied a list of their priority requirements (broken down into unit costs). 13:00-18:00 - Travel to Boyang County by boat, briefing by Boyang County authority The UN team was not able to visit any hospitals and had no access to hospital surveillance data. It is recorded that up to ten million people had initially been evacuated from flooded areas. Depending on the local severity and nature of the impact of the floods, housing has been damaged in a number of ways. 21. OCHA coordinates the global emergency response to save lives and protect people in humanitarian crises. b. coal for heating/cooking 90. Over 2.9 million flood victims are living in insufficient shelter on the dykes along the Yangtze river basin. The continuation of FAO's current programme of seeds and fertilizers for farmers is appropriate and timely. First, crops close to mountain areas were subjected to flash flooding which destroyed any field that was in the path of the water rushing from the adjacent hills which were reported to have received more than one metre of rainfall within a couple of days. Drone video of China floods. Beyond this, the initiative is very much in hands of individual flood victims. Learn more about ReliefWeb, leading online source for reliable and timely humanitarian information on global crises and disasters since 1996. 13:00-18:00 - Travel by bus to Pai Zhou and field visit to Pai Zhou (by boat, 70km) Medical teams have been sent both from the Red Cross and the Government from within and outside the province to assist. Although, maize and sorghum are the main crops in the region, livestock and fish farms are important not only to the rural economy but in ensuring that the population have a balanced diet. by the United Nations Disaster Assessment and Coordination Team (UNDAC)/, Find latest updates on global humanitarian responses, II. Medicines, in particular antibiotics, are undoubtedly needed on an urgent basis. In the areas visited no cases of cholera, typhoid, measles, meningitis, tetanus, plague, and schistosomiasis have been diagnosed. The displaced on the dykes have already lived under extreme conditions for over two months, and since the high water will not recede completely for another two-three months, their situation is critical. The greatest damage was not from flash flooding, however, but unprecedented floods from breached embankments from the Yangtze river, its tributaries and lakes and from severe waterlogging which prevented water from draining into the rivers due to their record high levels. Daily reporting is required for cholera and plague. With the flood waters now receding, the fight against the floods is almost over. North-east China is a major grain producing area and the impact on the rural economy has been profound. Thousands of livestock were swept away or drowned in the floods. 78. 46. The UNDAC Team wishes to thank warmly the United Nations Resident Coordinator and her staff for their support. 70. Disaster features: breaking of embankments due to heavy rainfall on rivers flowing to Lake Boyang (the largest lake in China) already at the end of June, breaking of dykes on Lake Boyang, dykes burst on tributaries of the Yangtze as well, most affected area Boyang county. 2. However, many government food stores have been flooded, increasing an already uneven distribution of food availability across the region. The risk of outbreak of diseases in these narrow and unprotected stretches of land is high. These images were acquired during the floods in China at the station of Ulan Bator (Mongolia). 33. They are the most vulnerable people and completely exposed to the sun, wind, cold and rain. More than 4,000 medical clinics collapsed or were seriously damaged. The needs of the affected population would have been a staggering burden for the provincial government at any time but the floods have come a year after a severe drought in the north-east. Clinical records in the health clinics of the relocation camps visited showed the following distribution of diagnosis for the medical visits made by the displaced people during the previous week: diarrhoeal diseases 36%, acute respiratory infections (IRAs) 32%, skin infections 16%, conjunctivitis 11%, dehydration 3% and others 2%. In certain years, like 1998 and 2016, the rains turn severe. 43. 56. The determination of these villagers to rebuild their homes could be encouraged by the Red Cross and The All China Women's Federation who are also able to provide low key inputs (plastic sheeting, hand-tools, small quantity of bricks, winter-clothing and quilts). The next rice season will begin in April with the first harvest expected in mid July 1999. They have been staying in camps for over two months, and will have to stay another two-three months, until the water recedes. The mobilization of people and resources on provincial and county level and a clear strategy to fight the floods has been evident. We advocate for effective and principled humanitarian action by all, for all. Terje Skavdal, UNDAC The water level was still high and in several locations, the horizon of flooded lands was not visible. 6. Plans were also underway to replace livestock and poultry through the provision of 80 million chickens and ducks, one million pigs and enough vegetable seeds for 200,000 hectares. 74. There had been an in-kind donation from the US Embassy in Beijing, cash and relief items had also been donated in small quantity by a Japanese "sister-town". Number of displaced people were found in small groups coming months, and will have a population of 63.. Vehicles was observed which are essential for securing transport of medicines, in accordance with established UNDAC coordination. 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