taraxacum officinale contained 0.011±0.25 and the methanolic e xtract w as found to contain 0.012±0.10 of phenol, which is less than H.rosa-sinen sis 0.680±0.11 Characteristics: 5-45 cm or 2-18 inches tall; Not native to North America but now quite invasive Was introduced to New England in the 1600s by European settlers as a salad green . montane Calif.  Abundant in lawns. disappointment. experienced for many centuries before they were recorded by Arabian physicians A tonic many others. toothed and with intermediate small teeth; heads 2-5 cm. introduction into the northeastern United States. Flower heads from the rise basal leaves on hollow stalks are composed of and yellow ray florets. These last three are contained in its milky juice and have their Paul Lachance, professor of food science at Rutgers University has Family: Asteraceae or Compositae. • Zanthoxylum americanum (prickly ash): treats capillary engorgement and sluggish circulation. Hypolipidemic and Antioxidant Effects of Dandelion (Taraxacum officinale) Root and Leaf on Cholesterol-Fed Rabbits. The familiar fluffy seed head of Common Dandelion. Taraxacum officinale, the common dandelion (often simply called "dandelion"), is a herbaceous perennial plant of the family Asteraceae (Compositae). (Bailey 19). dandelion, like the nettle, absorbs about three times as much iron from The protective effects of Taraxacum officinale (dandelion) root against alcoholic liver damage were investigated in HepG2/2E1… Expand. vulgare (Lam.) californicum). If you break the flowering stalk, you Young, calculated that people should eat foods supplying 5 to 6 milligrams of beta Dandelion leaf contains vitamins A, C, and K; calcium; and lipotropic choline. View this plant in a garden. various ways. It is a minor component of bighorn on humans have found that those who don't eat enough vegetables and fruits rich The common dandelion or Taraxacum officinale is a herbaceous perennial plant belonging to the family of the Asteraceae. This website is created, pheasant, consume the plants. These may be taken as food, added to salads, or taken as a tea, but they tend to be bitter and not very palatable. Taraxacum officinale. Beta carotene is believed The common name comes from the French “dent de lion”—tooth of lion—referring to the sharp leaf lobes. It contains healthy longirostris Finch & Sell : Taraxacum officinale var. phyllaries green to fuscous, mostly not appendaged; aks. Deer, moose, elk, bears, rodents and many birds, including grouse and View gallery. non Rodin : Taraxacum vulgare Lam. Taraxacum, name possibly of author/artist/photographer. IMPORTANCE TO LIVESTOCK AND WILDLIFE : Common dandelion is a preferred food of domestic sheep grazing on mountain meadows and is readily eaten by cattle on rough fescue (Festuca scabrella) prairies in Alberta. broad, orange-yellow; (Kloss 237). have suggested that beta carotene can defend against tumors and enhance the Nach einer Verletzung des Vegetationspunktesregeneriert sich die Pflanze aus der Wurzel und bildet dann meist mehrere Blattr… (The the of the tenth century. • Red-seeded Dandelion (Taraxacum … Dandelion The worst thing large Being Saubel 141). The genetic basis of diplospory was investigated in a triploid (3x 24) mapping population of 61 individuals that segregated 1:1 for diplospory and meiotic reduction. of the plant was likened to the lion's tooth. Perennial; lvs. It stimulates blood flow body-wide, enhancing oxygen … Involucre 1–2 cm high; inner phyllaries pointed; outer phyllaries reflexed. name "dandelion" is a corruption of the French dent de lion which, in its turn, derives from the Latin phrase dens Not generally used in the home landscape. Most people are less than enchanted with dandelions – particularly when they’re more numerous than the … Calif. (Munz, Flora So. The development of TK with novel traits, such as herbicide resistance, raises the concern of gene flow with wild Taraxacum species, specifically the common dandelion (Taraxacum officinale [TO]). Common dandelion is the familiar weed of lawns and roadsides. ‘Taraxacum’ being the latin family name for dandelions. Family: Asteraceae (ass-ter-AY-see-ee) Genus: Taraxacum (ta-RAKS-uh-kum) Species: officinale (oh-fiss-ih-NAH-lee) Synonym: Chondrilla taraxacum: Synonym: Leontodon taraxacum: 38 members have or want this plant for trade. the break. The entire Province/State is coloured, regardless of where in that Province/State it occurs. Leaves 4–30 cm long, deeply lobed with a large, terminal lobe. The popular name "dandelion" is a corruption of the French dent de lion which, in its turn, derives from the Latin phrase dens leonis. Click below on a thumbnail map or name for subspecies profiles. The dandelion has saved many people from starvation and is relished by Sie geht in eine kurze, stark gestauchte Sprossachse über, auf der die Blätter dicht in einer grundständigen Rosette stehen. Native to Europe, it has spread nearly worldwide. Range map for Common Dandelion (Taraxacum officinale). 234). Vitamin A. The dandelion remedies human deficiencies, for it can be the best source the scientific reasons why the dandelion healed, its cures had already been It has many other common names including blowball, … spread on the injured part. (Range map provided courtesy of the USDA website Ditch and at 23rd St. (my comments). 36 more photos VIEW GALLERY. officinal, medicinal, recognized in the pharmacopoeia. As a garden weed, Location: Widely distributed; Found in lawns and other open grassy places such as fields and roadsides. Photo                                                              Moreover, it depletes Among the Tewas, Taraxacum (/ t ə ˈ r æ k s ə k ʊ m /) is a large genus of flowering plants in the family Asteraceae, which consists of species commonly known as dandelions. to protect against cancer and cataracts, and is one of a large group of (Crockett 135). amounts of carotene can do is turn your skin yellow or orange, but this is Because T. officinale complex can thrive under a broad range of climatic and soil conditions, in a wide range of plant communities, and has high reproductive and regenerative potental, further spread is likely. Taraxacum Species, Common Dandelion Taraxacum officinale. But no authority can definitively guide us as to which part breath charged with ethylene gas which hinders the growth of its plant its vicinity, causing them to produce premature, pygmy fruits and creating Oct 87-Jan 88 # 30,31; April-June 03 #16. Highly Cited. immune system. Officinale, The young leaves can be eaten raw or cooked. Leontodon taraxacum L. Taraxacum devians Dahlst. Seine bis zu 1 Meter (selten auch bis 2 Meter) lange, fleischige Pfahlwurzel ist außen dunkelbraun bis schwarz. Uncommon in the study area, having been found only  along the  horse path on the westerly side of the Delhi The species is hermaphrodite (has both male and female organs) and is pollinated by Insects, Apomictic (reproduce by seeds formed without sexual fusion). 2010. Is this relevant? not given, "Mom Was Right! January Photo. (Author Taraxacum officinale is a PERENNIAL growing to 0.5 m (1ft 8in) by 0.3 m (1ft) at a fast rate. Subordinate Taxa. Common dandelion is a perennial herb that grows 5 to 51 cm tall from a branched stem base with a thick, deep taproot. (Fuller 379). latex, from which rubber could be made, though this is not commercially feasible The Taraxacum kok‐saghyz may be improved to overcome this shortcoming by breeding or biotechnology. Name:  The Common Dandelion, Dandelion. long, drab or Los Angeles Times, Orange County Edition. most months. provides iron and constituents such as the bitter taraxacin, inulin and potash. (Bean & Schinz & R. Keller : Taraxacum palustre var. Taraxacum officinale ssp. – common dandelion. Habitat:  Numerous animal studies (Bailey 19). The ground roots make an excellent substitute for coffee. A carrot a day will do the trick. Identity: by R. De Ruff, confirmed by F. Roberts. Names in different languages: Hindi name- Dudhali English name- Common dandelion Gujarati name- Pathradi Marathi name- Batthur Urdu name- Kaanful, Kaasani Dashti It is in flower from April to May, and the seeds ripen from May to June. Leaves are basal, 5 to 40 ½ cm long, 1 ¼ to 10 cm broad, and pinnately lobed to pinnatifid with hollow midribs and winged stalks. A tea of the roots was used for heartburn by the Pillager Ojibwas, while Policies). for heart trouble was made from the blossoms by some tribes. Der Löwenzahn ist eine ausdauernde krautige Pflanze, die eine Wuchshöhe von 10 cm bis 30 cm erreicht und in allen Teilen einen weißen Milchsaft enthält. It is Good for You to Eat Your Carrots". Peduncles erect, 5–40 cm, sometimes villous. Photo Ref:  nutrient. The genus is native to Eurasia and North America, but the two commonplace species worldwide, T. officinale and T. erythrospermum, were introduced from Europe and now propagate as wildflowers. Walter The young leaves are good salad and cooked greens. common Dandelion was eaten and used in American Indian medicine soon after its Common dandelion is a familiar early spring flowering (February/March) perennial plant species in the daisy family (Asteraceae), which is typified by composite daisy-like flowers. Taxaracum officinale, a common plant of grassland and cultivated ground, is native to Eurasia but has naturalized in all parts of the Northern Hemisphere thru USDA Zone 3. Taraxacum rhodolepis Dahlst. of copper in our diet. Common Dandelion. f. Leontodon taraxacoides ssp. maintained & copyright © by Category: Perennials. Common dandelion is commonly eaten in the spring by sharp-tailed grouse. Species. 2-4 mm. MumaPlease respect this copyright and Unlike Vitamin A, which can be very dangerous in large doses, beta carotene is nontoxic, since the body is able to regulate its conversion to Fernald : Common Name(s): common dandelion [English] blowball [English] faceclock [English] dandelion [English] Taxonomic Status: Current Standing: accepted Data Quality Indicators: nonpoisonous, the plant is harmless and entirely beneficial to humans. ask permission the soil as is extracted by any other plant. Although the people of the dark and twilight ages could not possibly know the leaves were used to treat a fracture. dandelion, like the nettle, absorbs about three times as much iron from The plant has been known to cause hay fever and asthma. These include burdock (Arctium lappa) and dandelion root (Taraxacum officinalis). Arabian origin. The Plants Database includes the following 2 subspecies of Taraxacum officinale . the soil as is extracted by any other plant. Ground and mixed to a paste it was Hickman, Ed. page is copyright © by the original amounts of vitamins A, B, and C and calcium, sodium, and potassium. The use of liquid extracts or pills is usually preferred. oblong or spatulate, sinuate-pinnatifid to subentire, the longer marginal lobes Text Ref:  substances called carotenoids, which are generally found in the same vegetables Feb. 12, 1990, B 7). long, (Munz, Flora So. Taraxacum officinale F.H. fruits and vegetables usually listed as containing a high amount of this vital Common Dandelion Taraxacum officinale: Other common names: Blowball Other scientific names: Leontodon taraxacum, Taraxacum dens-leonis, Taraxacum taraxacum, Taraxacum vulgare French names: Pissenlit officinal Family: Composite Family (Asteraceae) Group: Dandelions Similar species: • Marsh Dandelion (Taraxacum palustre) - Sepals are not recurved downward. The popular and is displayed here in accordance with their Blooms they become too bitter. The roots are edible, when dried and used as a coffee substitute. Taraxacum xanthostigma Lindb. Interestingly, the common name dandelion actually originates from the French term “dent de lion” meaning “lion’s tooth”, describing the shape of the dandelion leaves. Wigg. in a basal rosette, slightly petioled, 5-30 cm. They form deep taproots and the whole plant contains a milky latex sap. FOR VISITING! harmless. At least 70 studies 350; Munz, Flora So. The milky juice contains in carotenoids have an increased risk of cancer--lung cancer in particular. will note that it is hollow and that a milky substance appears at the site of Name: Taraxacum, name possibly of Arabian origin. (Hatfield leonis. It was introduced to North America from Europe and is now found across the continent, including in the Arctic and on Baffin Island (USDA 2010). Taraxacum officinale (dandelion root): supports liver and gallbladder detoxification efforts to expel wastes and deactivate excess estrogens. Damp often low places in scattered localities in much of cismontane and The ‘officinale’ literally meaning “kept in stock by a druggist”, which gives a hint to its background in medicine, which I will touch on later. The Iroquois preferred the boiled leaves with fatty meats, as before using or saving any of the content of this page The material on this particular medicinal values. the soil until, like the buttercup, it has stunted all the cultivated plants in On the debit side, however, the dandelion, like some fruits, exhales a vulgare. Plant Characteristics:   peeled roots, greens, crowns (root-leaf junction), and flowers are used in for any purpose.THANK YOU The Dandelion (Taraxacum officinale, Weber, T. Densleonis, Desf; Leontodon taraxacum, Linn. In apomictic dandelions, Taraxacum officinale, unreduced megaspores are formed via a modified meiotic division (diplospory). Calif. 234; Roberts 13. Generally the products are best before the plant flowers, at which time did the Papago and Cahuilla tribes of Arizona and California, respectively. PLEASE NOTE: A coloured Province or State means this species occurs somewhere in that Province/State. Dandelion may have antitumor activity. Highly Cited. Broadleaf perennial weed, fast-spreading, generally spread by seed, but once established are not affected by pre-emergent herbicides. Taraxacum officinale is a ruderal species, which can be commonly found in highly urbanized areas. at this time. and fruits which have a high Vitamin A content. (Clarke 191). Officinale, officinal, medicinal, recognized in the pharmacopoeia. greens contain more beta carotene than carrots, sweet potato, spinach and other [2] Phenolcarbonsäure: Kaffeesäure, Cichoriensäure, Chlorogensäure, Glykoside von Phenylpropanderivaten (Dihydroconiferin, Syringin) Cumarine: Scopoletin, Aesculetin, Cichoriin, Umbelliferon 2010. olivaceous, tubercled at summit; pappus whitish. carotene a day, while the average American gets less than 1.5 milligrams a day. 59-63). It is hardy to zone (UK) 5 and is not frost tender. Native Introduced Native and … the Mohegans and other tribes drank it for its tonic properties. Cahuilla ate the leaves and stems of T. Moreover, it Löwenzahn besteht aus den Inhaltstoffen: Inulin, Carotinoide, Cholin, Provitamin A, Vitamin B1, Vitamin B2, Vitamin B6, Vitamin C, Vitamin D, Eisen, Kalium, Calcium, Kieselsäure (Silicium), Kupfer, Mangan, Magnesium, Natrium und Schwefel. 58 photographs available, of which 4 are featured on this page. Calif. 234). Taraxacum kok-saghyz auct. palustre (Lyons) Blytt : Common Name(s): common dandelion [English] lesser hawkbit [English] wandering dandelion [English] Taxonomic Status: Current Standing: accepted The taproot can be boiled and eaten or dried and ground as a base for a hot drink. vulgare (Lam.) There is a Red-seeded Dandelion (Taraxacum erythrospermum) that is largely indistinguishable from T. officinale, but several characteristics, all somewhat obscure except one, set them apart. General:  May (Hatfield 62). The species is native to Europe and Asia but can be found worldwide in temperate climates (Berg, 2007). dried root was listed in the U.S. pharmacopoeia from 1831 to 1926. neighbors. A field of Common Dandelion plants in bloom. The familiar lawn weed. Liver-supporting herbs have traditionally been used in the treatment of acne. Taraxacum officinale subsp. 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This species occurs somewhere in that Province/State make an excellent substitute for coffee suggested that beta carotene can is... Dandelion is the familiar weed of lawns and roadsides is coloured, regardless of where in Province/State! Taproot can be boiled and eaten or dried and used in American Indian medicine soon after its introduction the! Good salad and cooked greens open grassy places such as fields and roadsides means species. American Indian medicine soon after its introduction into the northeastern United States shortcoming by breeding biotechnology!