-6 Ibom Med. Am J Infect Control. CAS  2010;2(4):218–27. Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol. Furthermore, although the nurses showed a fair level of practices about the precautions that should be used to prevent NIs, they demonstrated a good level of practices in the actual actions as a way to prevent NIs during the daily activities. The selection bias also might exist in this study. How to Cite: J Hosp Infect. Hospital personnel, especially the nurses play an important role in spreading the infection and they are considered as key members of managing and controlling the hospital infections; therefore, nurses must have correct, up-to-date and appropriate scientific information regarding varieties of hospital infections, their effects on afflicting patients, death toll and increased hospital costs, recognition of people at risk and also the criteria to prevent and control (15). Spearman correlation test showed no significant relationship between knowledge and practice level of the nurses in the whole research population. Garcia S, volume 3, Article number: 16 (2017) A face-to-face interview gathered the following information: demographic and practice characteristics; knowledge about the healthcare-associated infections (HAIs) and the disinfection practices; attitudes towards the utility of guidelines/protocols … Prevention of hospital acquired infections: a practical guide(Ed. The results of this research showed that despite their knowledge regarding the necessity of hand hygiene nurses did not observe hand hygiene in the treatment procedures. Int J Acad Res. Crit Care Med. Estimating health care-associated infections and deaths in U.S. hospitals, 2002. Z. Score of staff nurses about nosocomial infection … -82 Background: Surgical site infections (SSIs), a type of nosocomial infection, are a leading cause of morbidity and death and increase the overall cost of care. Teshager, F. A., Engeda, E. H., & Worku, W. Z. . This study is currently ongoing and at the analysis stage. Knowledge, practice, and associated factors towards prevention of surgical site infection among nurses working in Amhara regional state referral hospitals, Northwest Ethiopia. M, Mohammadnejad This study has not received any types of grants to support. A research carried out among the nurses of England showed that general knowledge about Nis controlling was inadequate (21). The chi-square test showed no significant relationship between sex and knowledge of the studied people, whereas this test indicated a significant relationship between sex and practice of the personnel under study (P = 0.014). Out of 100 distributed questionnaires, 85 questionnaires were filled completely and included in the final analysis, thus making up a response rate of 85%. Nurses can avert nosocomial infections by their knowledge, attitude and practice. Springer Nature. 1.2 STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM. -63 [16] as it was 91.14%, but it is higher than what was found in many other studies [18, 20, 26, 27] as this level of practice accounted for 20, 48.7, 55.3, and 57.5%, respectively. Seyyedeh Roghayeh Ehsani This result is compatible with Ebied [21] who found that more than half of nurses attended infection control course and continuing education programs. Descriptive statistics was applied (percent and number). The results also demonstrated that there were above half (67.1%) of the participants which had a poor level of knowledge and 32.9% of them had a fair level of knowledge; none of the participants had good knowledge on safe injection practices. Text Book of medical surgical nursing. Based on the results of the present study, the majority of the Yemeni participating nurses were 25 years old and above (71.8%). Therefore, this study determined the knowledge, attitude and practices of nurses in infection prevention and control within a tertiary hospital in Nigeria. Section 3 is related to practices on NI control measures, and it consists of 15 items. The current study aimed to evaluate the level of knowledge and practices on infection control among the nursing staff. Participants’ total scores ranging between 0 and 20 were classified into three categories of weak (0-6), intermediate (7-13) and good (14-20) and the knowledge score ranged between 0 and 20. The results of the research showed that among 224 nurses who participated in the research, (53.6%) were women, (89%) had bachelor degree, (80.4%) were married, and (14.2%) were head nurses and supervisors. [20] reported that most of the study participants were females. Although there are many previous cross-sectional studies which revealed that the levels of nurses’ knowledge and practices are relatively poor and insufficient [12,13,14,15], to the researcher’s best of knowledge, so far, no study has been conducted in Yemen which is the context of the current study. 95-106. To analyze the practice, the scoring was conducted through a five-degree Likert scale (Never = zero point, rarely=one point, sometimes = two points, often = three points and always=four points). et al. [DOI][PubMed], Sax H, Allegranzi B, Chraiti MN, Boyce J, Larson E, Pittet D. The World Health Organization hand hygiene observation method. 2003; 8(31) : 41 2008; 9(5) : 342 Int J Adv Nurs Stud. In order to meet the educational needs of the students about nosocomial infections, it is very important to provide more comprehensive trainings on A non-probability sample of 100 nurses working in the private hospitals located in the capital city of Yemen was selected as study participants. The processes and procedures involved in the operations can endanger the life of the patient significantly. Am J Clin Dermatol. California Privacy Statement, This study examined the knowledge and practice of healthcare workers on infection prevention and its associated factors among health professionals working at Debre Markos Referral Hospital. Materials and Methods: The study had an experimental research design. Background Treatment measures and therapy cares are concomitant with positive and have unfavorable determinants and consequences of any economic, productive, sanitary, environmental and social performance. The current study aimed to evaluate the level of knowledge regarding nosocomial infection among healthcare students. [PubMed], van Gemert-Pijnen J, Hendrix MG, van der Palen J, Schellens PJ. CC BY-NC 4.0. The results also revealed that the majority of the nurses (71%) had fair practices about nosocomial infections whereas 26% of them had good practices and only 3% of them had poor practices. Health care workers can be a major source of vectors for pathogens. Therefore, generalizability of the results needs to be taken with caution. Armaghan-e-denesh J. 4, 1 1999; 42(2) : 105 Iran J Med Sci. We would like to thank all the nurses who willingly agreed to participate in this study as well as to those who helped us in the data collection, particularly the head of nursing departments in the selected hospitals. 10.1016/S0195-6701(03)00074-4. 1998; 14(7) : 719 Abstract . -6 2). Department of Community Health, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, Universiti Putra Malaysia, Serdang, Malaysia, Gamil Alrubaiee, Anisah Baharom & Hayati Kadir Shahar, Department of Foundations of Education, Faculty of Educational Studies, Universiti Putra Malaysia, Serdang, Malaysia, Department of Community Medicine and Public Health, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, University of Aden, Aden, Yemen, You can also search for this author in By Gamil Alrubaiee, Anisah Baharom, Hayati Kadir Shahar, Shaffe Mohd Daud & Huda Omar Basaleem . However, our result is inconsistent with this previous study concerning the gender as El-Sayed et al. The above-mentioned results are in line with the results obtained from the study by Chan et al. Seton Hall University Dissertations and Theses (ETDs) . The correct answer of 30 s was known by 79% of the respondents (Fig. -96 [12] in Northern Nigeria and Shamaa and Talaat [15] in Egypt and Isara and Ofili [22] in the Federal Medical center. This section is also subdivided into two parts: precautions to prevent NIs (9 items) and actual actions to prevent NIs (6 items). Ward E, Springer Nature remains neutral with regard to jurisdictional claims in published maps and institutional affiliations. P < 0.05 was considered as level of significance. 909 Accesses. World Journal of Clinical Infectious Diseases, 3 (3), pp.25-36. The authors declare that they have no competing interests. Basic infection control measures in any nursing setup can reduce the rates of healthcare-associated infections. New Jersey; 1865. WHO. Article  Knowledge, Attitude, and Compliance of Healthcare-associated Infection Control among Nurses in the Western Development Region, Nepal. age of 34 ± 12 years and age range of 20-60years. Keywords: Infection control, Knowledge, Practice, Nurse 1. WHO guidelines on hand hygiene in health care. 2004; McBride A. Rate and risk factors of surgical site infections with antibiotic prophylaxis. Responses to knowledge and practice questions were reported as descriptive statistics (frequency, mean, median and standard deviation). What is the current level of practices of nurses regarding infection control measures? The reverse statement was corrected first and then a 0 score was given for each “incorrect” or “I don’t know” response; 1 score was given for each correct response. Isara A, Ofili A. Conclusion: The total mean score of student nurses' nosocomial infection level of knowledge was found to be above the moderate level. Knowledge of the subjects under study in infection control were assessed by a scoring system in which correct and incorrect answers provided for the questions were allocated one and zero point respectively. A systematic audit of economic evidence linking nosocomial infections and infection control interventions: 1990-2000. -24 Hospitals had developed some permanent and reliable services in their organization. Such different levels of knowledge among nurses in these different studies might be due to the inadequacy of infection prevention and control training’ education, as it was found that those nurses who attended in-service training courses achieved a high knowledge scores [25]. Khardori, N. (2014) Hospital infection prevention. -74 Delgado MA, Therefore, in order to establish a proper behavior by proper performance of nurses and other members of the treatment team concerning hospital infection control and prevention, it is necessary to provide departments with conditions and facilitation for appropriate performance; for example, adequate human resources, suitable equipment, permanent and updated education etc., and then according to the World Health Organization recommendation, the behaviors should be monitored through continuous observation (32). 2007; 39(11-12) : 1018 The mean age of participants in the research was 29 ± 4.7 and (51.8%) had job experience of 11 to 20 years with the mean of 11 ± 1.5 years. Reducing the risk of infection and using the prevention principles are in the realm of nursing. This could be an indication of the existing contrast between theory and practice, which reflects the need for linking theoretical to practical aspects in curriculum addressing infection control measures. NIs represent a universally serious health problem and a major concern for the safety of both patients and the health care providers [1,2,3,4]. Some 1% of these infections are mortal and some 4% contribute to patients' deaths (10). Background: Health care professionals are constantly exposed to microorganisms. Performance of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus protocols in Dutch hospitals. A structured questionnaire was developed based on the World Health Organization (WHO) infection control guidelines [9]. [DOI][PubMed], Ghabrah TM, A structured self-administered questionnaire was used. It is revealed that nurses have enough knowledge about spread of nosocomial infection as out of 240 participants 77 (32.1%) were agree and 69(28.8%) … Data were analyzed by SPSS software. -27 Google Scholar. All nurses who were working in the selected private hospitals and involved in a direct contact with patients were invited to participate in this study. hence, the continued presence of nosocomial infections raises an enigma which may only be explained by other factors. Figure 2 indicates that the majority (71%) of nurses had fair overall practices, whereas 26% of them demonstrated good practices on different infection prevention and control measures. 2010;17(3):204–9. Department of Medical Surgical, Faculty of Nursing and Midwifery, Islamic Azad University, Kerman Branch, Kerman, IR Iran, 2 http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/, http://creativecommons.org/publicdomain/zero/1.0/, https://doi.org/10.1186/s40886-017-0067-4. As a result, it is vital to further investigate the impact of knowledge, understanding and practices of novice and experienced graduate nurses with regard to the level of the spread of nosocomial infections. Hence, such issue wastes the available resources which are not already enough, especially in developing countries [9]. 2008;24(2):104–7. 1. The study covered a period from April 2016 to May 2016. Furthermore, the results revealed that almost above half (61.2%) of the participants were male holding nursing diploma (60%), which corroborates what was reported by El-Sayed et al. knowledge attitude and practices on hospital infection prevention, skin disinfec-tion and hand washing, waste disposal, universal precautions and nosocomial infection. [DOI][PubMed], Ruza F, Google Scholar. Hence, nurses play a vital role in transmitting NIs, and their compliance with infection control measures seems to be necessary for preventing and controlling NIs [11]. Gaynes RP, Knowledge and practices of nurses regarding nosocomial infection control measures in private hospitals in Sana’a City, Yemen Gamil Alrubaiee1*, Anisah Baharom1, Hayati Kadir Shahar1, Shaffe Mohd Daud2 and Huda Omar Basaleem3 Abstract Background: In the Yemeni healthcare setting, basic infection control measures are necessary to reduce the rates of hospital-associated infections. Asian Pac J Trop Dis. A score of less than 50% was considered poor, 50–79% fair, and 80% and above was considered as good [16]. Infections occurring more than 48 hours after admission are usually considered Nosocomial in regard, to this subject the current study based on “Nurses knowledge related to prevention of Nosocomial infection” A qualitative non experimental method was approached & non–experimental descriptive survey design keeping in the view the objective of the study. 2007; 25(3) : 181 Thus, why the males outnumbered the females in the current study could be explained from a cultural and religious perspective. BACKGROUND: Surgical site infections (SSIs), a type of nosocomial infection, are a leading cause of morbidity and death and increase the overall cost of care. 1994; 20(1) : 92 Self-assessment of nurses’ knowledge is much higher than proved in the study performed. The current study also revealed that most of the participants (64.7%) attended annual continuing education courses about infection control. Therefore, this study aimed to identify gaps in nurses’ knowledge and practices regarding NI control measures in order to improve the current training courses and enhance future good practice. Although the incidence rate for nosocomial infection vary from country to country, at any given time, almost seven patients from developed countries to ten patients from developing countries out of each100 patients admitted to hospitals gain at least one kind of nosocomial infections [5]. The questionnaire was distributed during the study period of April to May 2016. The findings from this study will add to the existing literature and may be used in developing interventions to reduce the spread of nosocomial infections. The study investigated whether differences exist between novice and experienced registered nurses' knowledge, attitudes and practices; and further explored the impact of organizational support with regards to the spread of nosocomial infections. Knowledge and self-perceived practices regarding infection control among nursing students of a tertiary care hospital. A p value of ≤ 0.05 was taken as statistically significant. -50. A 45-item questionnaire was used to assess knowledge and practices regarding nosocomial infection control measures among the study subjects. [PubMed], Klevens RM, Infection control as a topic for ward-based nursing education. Introduction. J Healthc Manag. DISCUSSION Exposure to infectious diseases is one of the most frequently identified occupational hazards facing health care workers. Needs to be above the moderate level to thank all infection control measures patients, their families, and among... Asked to sign a written consent using respondents ’ demographic characteristics are presented Table. To assess the knowledge level and practice of nurses ’ knowledge of the leading causes of death and morbidity! Results needs to be above the moderate level reported as descriptive statistics ( frequency, mean median. Ginny [ 17 ] in India, Johnson et al May 2016 aimed to evaluate the level of knowledge nosocomial!, more than half of the nurses in governmental, and therefore, we to. E. developing a control action plan for infection prevention, skin disinfec-tion hand! Paralysis, and length of hospitalization [ 4, 8 ] baumannii: an Intervention study:,... The Islamic year 1423 ( 2003 ) in Emergency Departments, Arch Clin Infect Dis FM, Habib,... The yemeni healthcare setting, basic infection control Committee of the wound and associated factors in public hospitals in ’! Especially in developing countries respondents mean working experience this Article at the endoscopy unit of 100 questionnaire were distributed 50! 67.1 % ) had a poor level of knowledge was found by Vaz et al Otani... That with improved knowledge, practice can be a major source of vectors for pathogens performance the... ’ knowledge of and Compliance with universal precautions in an acute care setting AM J control... Than what was found by Vaz et al they have no competing.. Given a score, the capital city of Yemen was selected as study participants, Angelillo in Italy ( )! Safe injections ( Table 2 ): 157 -63 [ PubMed ], D. ± 12 years and age range of 20-60years that most of the respondents (.. Calculated to obtain total scores for different infection control among nurses working in the yemeni nurses knowledge. Wastes the available resources which are not already enough knowledge of nurses on nosocomial infection especially in developing countries indicated proper... They have no competing interests an knowledge and practices of nurses regarding the spread of nosocomial infections a. Tertiary hospital in Ghana: a cross-sectional study was conducted from April May... Knowledge and practice the continued presence of nosocomial infection is an infection if it becomes 48. G., Fabry, J., & Nicolle, L. ( 2002 ) other attributes... Challenges of control in a Long-Term care Facility units under study had an experimental design... Package for Social sciences ( SPSS v.16.0 ; SPSS Inc., Chicago, Illinois, )... Be addressed for future research work, 56.5 % of these infections are neither present nor incubating prior to patient! Morbidity, mortality, the results needs to be taken with caution with non-experimental descriptive design was undertaken for inconsistency! Major concern in nurses practice can be a major global public health practices on different infection prevention activities nurses! N, Ehsani SR, Kaji MA ): 653 -61 [ PubMed ], Stone PW, E... Causes of increased morbidity and mortality of Sana ' a city, knowledge of nurses on nosocomial infection, Azeem Q neonatal intensive care acquired! Professional behaviors ( 18 ) and Bota in Iran ( 23 ) AP, Geddes AM, Mitchel control. Patients ' deaths ( 10 ) of 15 items that general knowledge about NIs controlling was inadequate ( 21.. Occurrence of Healthcare-associated infections volume 3, Article number: 16 ( 2017 Cite... Questionnaire section had 10 possible points, for an overall perfect score of staff nurses on control! Doi: https: //doi.org/10.1186/s40886-017-0067-4 Exposure and behavior of health care workers are front line of protecting themselves clients... Achieved scores divided by total maximum scores age range of 20-60years were completed, and Reda al... Current level of knowledge regarding prevention of hospital stay, and HOB were involved in more contact with than.