Pain and anti-inflammatory medication, as well as antibiotics to keep infections at bay, may need to be administered on a daily basis for a certain length of time. 4-3, A and B). This is the stage when infection starts spreading around the roots of teeth, causing further gum recession and bone loss. Periodontal disease is the LEADING CAUSE OF TOOTH LOSS in the world (more than dental decay), with an estimated 60% of the world population suffering from some form of gum disease. At this point your teeth might loosen or fall out. 6. 4-6 millimeter pockets appear, loosening the tooth. There are three periodontal disease stages: gingivitis, periodontitis, and advanced periodontitis. The gingiva bleeds on gentle probing (Fig. Stage 4 . Proper dental care must be initiated to save the teeth or they may need to be removed. Stage 3. Gingivitis This is the earliest stage of gum disease. At this point, the infection now extends deep under the gums and is eroding the bone that undergirds them. Stage III periodontal disease as described represents a 25 50% loss of the tissue supporting the root. In healthy gums, the gingival or gum tissue is a pink or coral color. Gum disease is an inflammation of the gums that can progress to affect the bone that surrounds and supports your teeth. Gum disease treatment depends upon the stage and type of periodontal disease, ranging from a simple professional dental cleaning up to extensive periodontal surgery, soft and hard tissue grafting or dental implants to replace teeth that have been lost or can not be saved. You may notice a bad taste or smell in your mouth. Gum disease has two primary stages. But it doesn't have to be that way. The AAP states that clinical attachment loss (CAL) should be used to initially stage periodontal disease, but, if not available, then radiographic bone loss can be used in its place. Healthy Teeth and Gums. Stage 3 (Moderate Periodontal Disease) Stage 3 is very similar to stage 2, only more severe… the pockets are deeper, allowing for more bacteria to make a home. Frequent rechecks every 4-6 months will help monitor the patient's condition. Calculus forming inside the pockets starts damaging the connective tissues that hold the teeth in their place. Plaque is a sticky film of bacteria that forms on your teeth. there is no dental plaque and no calculus (tartar) around teeth or below the gum line. Periodontal disease or gum disease caused by the bacteria found in plaque. Initial stage should be determined using clinical attachment loss (CAL). During this stage, the bacteria has moved from 4-5 mm below the gum (in stage two) to 6-7 mm. Gingivitis. Stage 4 – Extreme, chronic periodontal disease is evident in the 4th and final stage, where bone loss of 50% or higher is visible on oral radiographs. Some periodontal patients do not exhibit high plaque indices, nor have calculus present. Periodontal disease is a seperate issue from caries or 'tooth decay' and caused by the infection of different pathogens, ... studies show that between 75% and 95% of all adults are suffering some stage of periodontal disease. In the most drastic stage of periodontal disease, the bone and the attachment of the gums to the teeth have been destroyed. They need deep cleaning of the roots by a dentist to remove the bacteria and reduce the chance of teeth moving in the gums. Regular follow-up vet visits are necessary as well during these latter stages of periodontal disease. The three main stages of the periodontal disease include : Stage 1 – Gingivitis; This is the most common stage of the disease. Gum disease has two primary stages. If diagnosed and treated in the first stage, the condition can be reversed and tooth loss can usually be prevented. Stages of periodontal disease or gum disease 1. Professional intervention may involve … The stages of periodontal disease are determined based on the amount of damage to bone and gum tissues around teeth. It is up to the clinician to use clinical judgement in treating these patients. Second Stage of Periodontal Disease in Pets. Stage 2 – Periodontitis; If gingivitis is left untreated, it can turn severe, causing periodontitis. Periodontal Disease Stages. If diagnosed and treated in the first stage, the condition can be reversed and tooth loss can usually be prevented. Stage 1: Gingivitis . periodontal disease is multifactorial and its progression is highly dependent on host response. Stage 3: Moderate Periodontal Disease. Depending upon the character of the bone loss, with proper surgical and postoperative management new tissue can be grown to replace or partially replace that which has been lost. Gum disease is one of the leading causes of tooth loss. Stage 3: Advanced Periodontitis. Stage 1: Gingivitis. The bacteria is damaging bone but can also enter the bloodstream and attack the immune system. Advanced treatment by a veterinary dental specialist If the tooth is extracted the problem will not return but the tooth is lost and does not grow back. It results in the build-up of plaque around your gums and can cause inflammation, swelling, and even bleeding in some cases. When plaque is not removed, the gums, or the gingivae, start to pull away from your teeth, which in turn causes bacteria-filled pockets to form in the gums. Periodontal Disease Stages . Stage 2 Periodontal disease typically has pockets up to 4mm, with an increase in PMNs and lymphocytes in the area. Extraction 2. As your hygienist has probably discussed with you, we take measurements of your gums at least every 12 months to help us determine what stage of health your gums and […] By the time the condition advances to Stage 3, the patient will usually have been diagnosed with periodontal disease. 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