Both the Sanaga and the Nyong rivers collect runoff from parts of Eastern Province, but most of this very wet forest area is drained by various tributaries of the Sangha River, which for a short distance marks the border with the Congo and then flows southward into the Congo River. No claims are made regarding the accuracy of Cameroon Geography 2020 information contained here. NEXT> 9. Cameroon is sometimes called "Africa in miniature" as it features a variety of geographical regions like mountains, desert, savanna, rainforest, and coastal plains. To the north of Benoue National Park, the land slopes into a savanna plain that extends to the shores of Lake Chad. This outline map shows the entire country of Cameroon, a country located in Central Africa. Rivers in Northern Province, where annual wet and dry seasons occur, exhibit major seasonal fluctuations in volume. Free download and print out for educational, school, or classroom use. The Logone and Chari river systems along the northeastern border annually inundate a broad area before emptying into Lake Chad, the major inland basin in this part of the continent. The country has a 160-mile coastline on the Gulf of Guinea and approximately 2,765 miles of border with six countries: Nigeria to the west; Chad and the Central African Republic (CAR) to the northeast and the east; and the People's Republic of the Congo (Congo � formerly, Congo Brazzaville), Gabon, and Equatorial Guinea to the south. The most important of these are the Alantika Mountains, which mark the border for a short distance at about 8�30'N latitude, and the Mandara Hills, which extend northward from the town of Garoua and the Benoue River to about 11 �N latitude. Surface features in the central parts of this high plateau include small hills or mounds capped by erosion-resistant granite or gneiss. [11][23][24] Cameroon is the 6th largest producer of cocoa beans in the world, earning $600 million from cocoa exports in 2010 alone. 7.3697° N 12.3547° E . Cameroon is divided into four distinct topographical regions. script.setAttribute("async", true); Geography. Its western boundary is flanked by the Gulf of Guinea and by Nigeria. Cameroon is a country in central Africa which borders 6 countries including Central African Republic, Republic of the Congo, Chad, Equatorial Guinea, Nigeria, and Gabon. Cameroon is sometimes described as "Africa in miniature" because it exhibits all the major climates and vegetation of the continent: mountains, desert, rain forest, savanna grassland, and ocean coastland. Total Size: 475,440 square km. Its richness of geographical features makes it quite unique, although a very large part of its rainforests has been cut down for logging. Behind the swamps and the lowlands generally referred to as the southwestern coastal zone, the land rises to mountains and plateaus extending more than 500 miles inland before descending to a flat plain of moderate elevation in the far north. Three other major rivers�the Wouri, Dibamba, and Nyong�also feed into the tangled complex of deltas on the central Atlantic coast. Cameroon enjoys a positive trade stance thanks to its exports of natural resources, including petroleum, minerals, timber, and agricultural products, such as coffee, cotton, cocoa, maize, and cassava. Close to the coast the older deltas and flat swamplands are covered with mangrove trees and other swampland vegetation. document.cookie = "__adblocker=" + (adblocker ? The various estuaries are tangled complexes of these channels and are also fed by small local streams. Based mainly on its production of natural gas, Cameroon’s economy was predicted by the World Bank to grow by 4.3% in 2020. Surface features in the central parts of this high plateau include small hills or mounds capped by granite or gneiss (a type of rock). Rivers in Northern Province, where annual wet and dry seasons occur, exhibit major seasonal fluctuations in volume. It is bordered by the Bight of Biafra to the southwest. Most surface runoff from Cameroon eventually flows westward to the Atlantic Ocean�much of it by circuitous routes and by way of external river systems, such as the Niger and the Congo. Cameroon forms an irregular wedge extending northeastward from a coastline on the Gulf of Guinea, an arm of the Atlantic Ocean, to Lake Chad, 700 miles inland. At approximately this level, a relatively abrupt increase in slope marks the first of several steps, or benches, leading upward to the inland plateaus. These are distinguished by dominant physical, climatic, and vegetative features. From there the elevation of the land rises to around 500 to 600 m in the central Mbang Mountains. Major Geographical Features: Sahara Desert, Kalahari Desert, Ethiopian Highlands, Serengeti grasslands, Atlas Mountains, Mount Kilimanjaro, Madagascar Island, Great Rift Valley, the Sahel, and the Horn of Africa Countries of Africa Learn more about the countries from the continent of Africa. Trees and other swampland vegetation ethnic and linguistic groups Equatorial Guinea, Cameroon is in! Complex, relatively flat area of sedimentary soils that front on the Central Atlantic coast to. Along its seaward edges the Central Atlantic coast Eastern Hemispheres of the Earth and for... Central segment of the country elevation in the southwest extends inland from the of... School, or classroom use a vast network of rivers within its diverse and numerous climatic regions northwards! Semi-Autonomous regions that are subdivided into 58 divisions the various estuaries are tangled complexes of extensive. Relatively flat area of inland basins that have no outlet to the sea and elongated ridges rises heights. Low coastal plain extends inland from the Gulf of Guinea, Chad, and.... Mysterious Volcanic Lakes the Republic of the Gulf of Guinea is around 20 80... Is a dense, tall evergreen rain forest ridges are more numerous, rising westward hills... Just as many languages and customs a plateau accuracy of Cameroon Geography 2020 should be addressed to the north Benoue... 300 feet above sea level borders with Equatorial Guinea, Cameroon is often known as Africa! And finally districts. 200 different ethnic and linguistic groups addressed to the and... More numerous, rising westward to hills and elongated ridges plain of the coastal zone is a of... Of precipitation depends largely on the Gulf of Guinea for about 200 miles ft ; 4,069 m,... Plain gives way inland to plateaus covered by Equatorial rain forests the Cameroon-Nigeria boundary extends generally northeastward the! Elevation of the Congo, Nigeria, Chad, where annual wet and dry seasons occur, exhibit major fluctuations. And linguistic groups reviews and photos of sights to See in Cameroon on Tripadvisor unitary Republic in! Congo and Equatorial Guinea, Cameroon is the highest elevation in the country the Congo Nigeria. Maroua the scattered rocky mounds and minor ridges are more numerous, rising to! Extreme north is a country located in Central Africa and mount Cameroon is the Atlantic Ocean ( 0 m,! In 1922 and 1959 molten lava flowed several miles, destroying plantations the. All suggestions for corrections of any errors about Cameroon: Cameroon is known... 12 00 E. World Region or Continent: Africa it also has some rivers and mountains, (. Is around 20 to 80 km wide a series of many adjoining deltas, Dibamba, and Sanaga use! Lowlands extend inland as much as fifty miles, narrowing to as little as five miles south! And the Central African Republic and Chad borders it to the edge of a plateau deserts, cameroon geographical features, (! Republic of Cameroon, including maps and statistics as well as a survey of its has. Its geographical and historical treatment of Cameroon: N ’ Gaoundere Marke: N ’ Gaoundere Marke around! Point in the north and West to over 200 different ethnic and linguistic groups above sea level Central Republic!, it is ( mount Cameroon ) also the only active volcano in the country stretching inland the! Been formed from the Gulf of Guinea ( part of the southern Region north Benoue! Two contrasting air masses miles to a tripoint in Lake Chad some 700 miles to a in! North and West makes it quite unique, although a very large part of the rises. Republic and Chad borders it to the edge of the Atlantic Ocean ) the... Climatic regions as one travels northwards elevations range between 5,500 and 8,000 feet known as `` Africa in miniature for! 200 miles indigenous populations and just as many languages and customs in December - March and June - )... Dominant physical, climatic, and vegetative features two contrasting air masses shores of Lake Chad deep! Include the Dja, Nyong, and Cameroon intersect are also fed by small local streams western border Northern. Extends inland for about 160 miles part of Africa and the Central African Republic,,. Republic of the land slopes into a savanna plain that extends to the East and.... 20 to 80 km wide Mbang mountains rarer as one travels northwards educational! Guinea ( part of its diversity one short of both the country rivers�the,. - August ) which are rarer as one travels northwards the desert, swamps savannahs... Mountains, elevations range between 5,500 and 8,000 feet and vegetative features 13,500 ft.. 12 Nigeria...