Leaching of toxins occurs in landfills. The root cause of soil pollution is often one of the following: Agriculture (excessive/improper use of pesticides) Excessive industrial activity. Construction work often releases harmful chemicals into the environment and is one of the leading causes of soil pollution in urban areas. Soils polluted by acid rain have an impact on plants by disrupting the soil chemistry and reducing the plant's ability to take up nutrients and undergo photosynthesis. For ease of reference, they are generally split into two: man-made (anthropogenic) causes and naturally occurring causes. Many wastes can recycle such as paper, metal, and glass, etc. Moreover, the sites that involve the demolition of older buildings can release asbestos, a toxic mineral that can act as a poison in soil. Damaging the upper layer of soil through the use of fertilizer and pesticides in agriculture, the contaminated land can lose its fertility and may no longer be used for agricultural purposes in the long run. Causes, Effects and Solutions of Agricultural Pollution on Our Environment - Conserve Energy Future. World Soil Day is annually held on December 5 to highlight soil's importance on Earth. This addition is mostly by human activities such as mining, modern practices in agriculture, deforestation, indiscriminate dumping of human generated trash and unregulated disposal of untreated wastes of various industries The disposal of manure and other associated waste material from animal farms are also a reason for soil pollution. Soil pollution is caused due to various household wastes and chemical fertilizers used in farming, besides chemicals and wastes generated in the industries. Soil pollution like this is often a preventable tragedy, but many people do not understand the effects of putting soil at risk. Carbon Dioxide emissions increase air pollution. Storage tanks that contain chemicals which are toxic, or may change soil chemistry can be a potential cause of soil pollution if the tanks start to corrode. Human-caused soil pollution can work in conjunction with natural processes to increase the toxic contamination levels in the soil. Made withby The utilization of chemicals has gone up tremendously since technology provided us with... 3. Apart from the rare cases when a natural accumulation of chemicals leads to soil pollution, natural processes may also have an influence on the human released toxic chemicals into the soil, overall decreasing or increasing the pollutant toxicity and/or the level of contamination of the soil. Industrial Activities. Natural processes leading to soil pollution: Copyright © 2020 www.environmentalpollutioncenters.org All rights reserved. The FAO also affirms that both intense and even moderate degradation is already affecting one third of the world's soil. Poor management or inefficient disposal of waste. Such construction dust can trigger respiratory illnesses such as asthma and bronchitis, and even cancer. It leads to many consequences for our Earth and without … This will in turn cause soil erosion. Causes of Soil Pollution Soil pollution occurs when toxic chemicals and highly concentrated pollutants find their way into soil and threaten animal and plant life. They usually take the form of solids, gases, and liquids. Industrial Activity. Discharge of sewage: Wastewater, if released back into the environment untreated, can cause contaminants to leech into the soil. The Nitrogen Problem: Why Global Warming Is Making It Worse - Yale E360 The soil is an important habitat and is the house of different types of microorganisms, animals, reptiles, mammals, birds, and insects. Pesticides and fertilizers are full of chemicals that are not produced in nature and cannot be broken down by it. Soil pollution is the addition of chemicals to the soil in quantities that are toxic to the environment and its residents. Moreover, the presence of excess chemicals will increase the alkalinity or acidity of soil thus degrading the soil quality. Hey kids, in this video, Dr Binocs will explain, Soil Pollution | What Is Soil Pollution? Nations ' ( UN ) Year of soil pollution are given below: 1 one third the! Plastic, glass, etc kids, in this video, Dr Binocs will explain soil. Anthropogenic ) causes and naturally occurring causes inorganic ions, salts, compounds formed by soil microbial activity, decomposition. 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