[2] But globally, greenhouse gases have increased since then, bringing humanity very close to the dangerous levels of global warming that were predicted. Africa’s ‘Miracle berry’, ‘Tragic orchid’ lead list of new plant species... Dangote tomato company commences production in Kano. Second, we need to change the ways we do things. It was validated the agreement in 2017 and has pledged to reduce its greenhouse gas emissions by 20% by 2030 with the condition of 45% of international support. Nigeria is recognized as a fossil fuel-dependent economy with a large climate-sensitive agricultural sector; therefore, the development of a climate change policy and response strategy is critical. Some of the worst flooding in recent memory happened five years ago in March 2012 when 32 of Nigeria… This is not to say that there hasn’t been progress. The climate of an area refers to the weather conditions during a period of time usually several decades. However, if the world fails to step up climate action, continuing on our current climate trajectory could force 100 million people into extreme poverty by 2030. Creation of awareness, mobilisation of policymakers, adoption of integrated farming techniques and increased investment in data collection are some of the critical steps Nigeria can take to reverse the current effects of climate change in the country. Coastal Erosion: Warming has caused melting of ice caps, which has led to a rise in sea level along Nigerian coastal waters. Others are increased support for research and extension service delivery through the use of the tools of Information […] This year’s edition of the Summit, which was themed: Agribusiness: Leading Nigeria’s Recovery, was held on Tuesday and Wednesday, December 1st and 2nd, 2020. UNDP Nigeria That climate change is the biggest threat facing humanity today is no longer in doubt. Share on Twitter. … Climate Change “Until 2030, the estimated costs $40 of climate change are around 3 percent of the continent’s GDP, or US$40 billion each year.”* Recent assessments show that Africa received only US$132 million between 2004 and 2011 from dedicated climate financing instruments to … Hal Harvey has been on the front lines of this fight for years. Here, 7 wish-we-would-have-thought-of-that-earlier innovations that’ll melt your mind, and not the planet. Further, the don called on the Federal Government to formulate, support and fund new policies and practices they want farmers to adopt while also incentivising them in the process. Moreover, for every kilowatt of electricity we consume, there is an equivalent emission of greenhouse gases (GHGs). An example is switching off appliances when not in use. Do the Wave. Mean annual and monthly temperature and rainfall data were collected from the Nigerian Meteorological Agency and some States’ airports for a period of 105 years (1901-2005). For your research project (both under-graduate and post-graduate), term-paper, report, or article; kindly call Thompson – 0703 022 8325. These are according to stakeholders who spoke at the Adversity Mitigation Session of the just-concluded Feed Nigeria Summit 2020 organised by AgroNigeria and held at the Ladi Kwali Conference Centre, Sheraton Hotel and Towers, Abuja. The country is highly vulnerable to climate change and is classified as one of the ten most vulnerable countries in the world, according to the 2017 Climate Change Vulnerability Index. Modern wind turbines are being used to generate electricity in countries such as Germany, Denmark, India, China, and the United States to supplement more traditional sources of electric power. Hence, Nigeria can develop and utilize energy from the wind for electricity generation instead of burning fossil fuel. They range from education to inform and encourage behavioural change to changing location and use, preventing effects, modifying threats, and sharing loss. The urgent need to address climate change has become even clearer with the release of a major report in October 2018 by the world’s leading scientific body for the assessment of climate change, the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC). GHGs are gases that trap heat leading to global warming. By energy efficiency, we mean the use of energy in a manner that minimizes the amount of energy needed to provide services. This prompted this study that took a general overview of climate change impacts in Nigeria. In Nigeria, there were an estimated 137,600 diarrhoeal deaths in children under 15 years old in the baseline period of 2008. However, the observed variation must persist for a sufficiently long time and be statistically significant for it to be considered climate change. In order to minimize the negative impact of climate change on the ecosystems, water resources, socioeconomic domains, a number of adaptation measures are open to Nigeria. As a nation, Nigeria must protect the remaining rain forest in Cross River State as a way of mitigating climate change mitigation. Carbon dioxide accounts for more than 80 percent of the pollution leading to global warming. “Kano lost over 40% of wheat crop harvest last year due to unexpected massive rainfall,” he said. In the United States, the amount of greenhouse gas emissions has held steady since 1990–even though our economy and our population has grown. It can also be seen as the average weather in a given area over a longer period of time. “A lot of education and awareness among stakeholders, policymakers, farmers, etc. This prompted this study that took a general overview of climate change impacts in Nigeria. Regards! There is the need for government to make provision to integrating climate change considerations into national policies and programmes. Greenhouse Gases Emission: Available data shows that the earth is warming at an unprecedented rate in the last 100 years and the warming has been attributed partly to an increase in the emission of greenhouse gases into the atmosphere. In this post, we examine the roles of both renewable energy and energy efficiency as solutions to climate change impacts in Nigeria. Government should invest more in low-carbon fuels and renewable energy in Nigeria. In order to reduce greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions, there is the need to harness renewable energies like the solar, wind and  geothermal energies to replace the present day burning of fossil fuel energy for lighting, heating, cooling, manufacturing, cooking, transport, entertainment, etc. First, we need to change the type of technology we use to a more efficient one. Some of the effects of climate change observed in Nigeria include the following: Change in Rainfall Pattern: Reduced rainfall which would likely affect food security since our agriculture is rain-fed. Climate change tends to increase poverty and hardship, decrease water resources, worsen food insecurity, create social insecurity and destabilize economies; governments across the world are making efforts towards combating climate change. Such initiatives also require new and sustained funding sources. Nigeria is already enduring the effects/impact of climate change. For example, we can say that the climate of Nigeria is characterized by the dry and the rainy season, since for several decades this has been the trend in Nigeria. the atmosphere, oceans, and land) determine the climatic conditions in different parts of the globe. Ikani observed that extension service delivery based on the Agricultural Development Programmes of the Federal Government of Nigeria and the World Bank first introduced to Nigeria in 1974 was no longer workable. On his part, the National President of the All Farmers Association of Nigeria (AFAN), Alhaji Farouk Rabiu Mudi, decried the impact of climate change on farming. What is Renewable Energy? The don also advocated for investment in data collection and building in order to change the way things are done currently. This rapid review synthesises evidence on the impact of climate change in Nigeria (geographic, sectoral, demographic and security impacts) and responses to address it (i.e. Designing Climate Solutions is an outstanding resource." Required fields are marked *. Such strategies might include advocacy for renewable energy, energy efficiency products, and good environmental practices. Flood and erosion remove top soil, renders roads impassable, affect fresh water resources, threaten lives and properties, and render many people homeless. We also need to decide what to insure: the seeds, the farm, etc?”. The use of renewable energy as well energy efficiency practice can help to reduce the emission of GHGs into the atmosphere. For example, we started the Farmer’s Desk to address farm complaints and fears through mobile phone call-ins.”, © 2005-2019 AgroNigeria | All Right Reserved. Otherwise, it would be considered climate variability or fluctuation. Your email address will not be published. their rate of use does not affect their availability in future); and they are clean and pollution-free. The cost of inaction far exceeds the cost of action. Published data from different sources as acknowledged in the text were also used. Sea level rise has brought about increased occurrence of coastal erosion in Nigeria’s coastal areas. spending (Federal Government of Nigeria, 2013). We are advocating for existing policies that can be adjusted for climate-smart agriculture instead of making new ones, except when there are too many inadequacies,” she added. Meeting the diverse information needs of decision makers as they seek to understand and address climate change is a formidable challenge. And in places like central Nigeria and Karamoja, an area of land that straddles the border of Kenya and Uganda, where resource scarcity has been a long-standing challenge, climate change has further reduced pasture and water resources, increasing competition and resulting in violence, such as cattle raiding. The two primary factors of flooding in Nigeria are climate change and poor urban planning. She further reiterated the need for effective coordination of all programme activities between the federal, state and local governments. Agriculture is on the concurrent list, and so the Federal Government cannot impose its agenda on the state governments. 2 … Solutions to Climate Change in Nigeria A. Combating Climate Change in Nigeria through the use of Renewable Energy. Nigeria signed the Paris Agreement, an international deal aimed at tackling climate change. Furthermore, the increase in mean ambient temperature is causing significant changes in forest and rangeland cover. A description of a climate includes information on variable like the average temperature in different seasons; rainfall; and sunshine; as well a probability (chance) of extremes. Research Cyber Team hopes this article was helpful. Lisa P. Jackson, Administrator of the US Environmental Protection Agency, 2009-2013 "We are dangerously behind in the existential race to deal with climate change. In other words, they are sustainable natural forms of energy that can be harvested continuously and constitute a sustainable source of energy. GHGs cause the greenhouse effect because they have the tendency to absorb infrared radiation hence contributing to the warming of the lower atmosphere and earth surface. Feed Nigeria Summit, hosted annually by AgroNigeria, is famed as Nigeria’s foremost agricultural sector convocation aimed at catalyzing transformational progress for the country’s agriculture. The interactions between some permanent features of the earth (i.e. Climate is the weather conditions prevailing in an area in general or over a long period. Nigeria News - President Buhari has given insights into the severe climate challenges confronting the country, saying “Nigeria is a neighbour to the Sahara Desert Two major advantages of renewable energy is that they are inexhaustible (i.e. Eni further explained, “Agriculture is a culprit and has contributed a lot to greenhouse gasses, especially in animal production. A good example is the one we cited above on the light bulbs; replacing incandescent bulbs with energy efficiency bulbs. In the business district of Lagos, where I have my equipment and my tailoring, they started using solar energy. Technologies that have been developed to harness these energies are called renewable energy technologies (RETs) or sometime also called “clean technologies” or “green energy”. “Nigeria is waking up to climate change. Yet, in spite of the evidence at hand, climate change remains the toughest, most intractable political issue we, as a society, have ever faced. NASA is an expert in climate and Earth science. The term ‘renewable energies’ refers to energy sources that are regularly replenished by natural processes; hence, are in endless supply. Share on Reddit. Causes and Effects of Climate Change in Nigeria, Climate Change, Conflict, and Insecurity in Nigeria, Vocational and Technical Education in Nigeria, Causes and Effects of Insecurity in Northern Nigeria, Effect of Insecurity in Nigeria on Economic Development, A Major Cause of Insecurity in Nigeria: Corruption. [18] Some of the GHGs emitting activities are agricultural whereas others are industrial. Source: Human dynamics of climate change, technical report, Met Office, HM Government, UK, 2014. “Everybody wants my produce and not me [the farmer],” he pointed out, adding that pest attack, thievery, the politicisation of agriculture and poor pricing by consumers are some of the major impediments troubling farmers.”. Wind energy is available in all regions across Nigeria; though wind speed is higher in northern Nigeria than in the southern part of the country. Ten possibilities for staving off catastrophic climate change. What are some pragmatic solutions to climate change in Africa? Deforestation and Desertification: The northern part of Nigeria is fast becoming drier due to declining rainfall intensity and frequency. #FNS2020: Solutions to Nigeria’s Climate Change Issues, by Covenant University, AFAN, NAERLS,... #FNS2020: ‘Show Young Nigerians Where the Money Is, They Will Follow’ – Stakeholders Call for More Youth Involvement in Agriculture, #FNS2020: ‘You Fly Blind Without Data’ – Professor, Experts Explain How Data, Tech Can Change Nigeria’s Agriculture, Nasarawa Distributes Fertiliser to LGAs to Ramp Up Food Production, AFAN Unveils Registration Platform for Famers Following 9PSB Breakthrough, How Africa Can Leverage Free Trade Area – Adesina, Others. “The ADPs started in the 1970s but now funding for them has been exhausted and counterpart funding from the Federal Government is no longer forthcoming. On tackling the scourge of insurgency and insecurity on farming practice in Nigeria, Mudi explained that the umbrella body had been engaging stakeholders in Kebbi, Katsina, Zamfara and other states on the way forward. Furthermore, it does not release GHGs into the atmosphere. Nigeria’s burgeoning population and tropical climate—where temperature is expected to increase faster than the global average—leave its local ecosystems vulnerable to climate change. “Policy change is also important. The term ‘renewable energies’ refers to energy sources that are regularly replenished by natural processes; hence, are in endless supply. Since the ADP is moribund, NAERLS is taking advantage of ICT tools to bring knowledge to farmers. He added that AFAN was the first to approach telecommunications giant, 9Mobile Nigeria, for the former’s inclusion in the latter’s 9mobile Payment Service Bank (9PSB) to foster digital service delivery for farmers nationwide. Furthermore, the entire continent of Africa contributes 3.5 percent. 10 Solutions for Climate Change. Recent floodings across regions in Nigeria have left at least a 100 persons dead, according to estimates by Vanguard Newspaper. need to be carried out so that each will know what role to play and how to react in the face of ciliate variability.”. Others are increased support for research and extension service delivery through the use of the tools of Information Communication Technology as well as the promotion of knowledge-driven modern agricultural practices. While its role is not to set climate policy or prescribe particular responses or solutions to climate change, its purview does include providing the robust scientific data needed to understand climate change … All Rights Reserve. Lower rainfall in the north, for example, reduces the availability of trees and biomass for Hence, energy efficiency products essentially help to do more work with less energy. She noted that there was the need to encourage farmers to adopt integrated farming practices where a mix of livestock and crop farming take place on the same land with dung from the reared animals dung being used as manure. Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. They are run by the states through the Agricultural Development Programmes (ADPs). 1. “Extension outfits in Nigeria today are moribund. climate change mitigation and adaptation, adaptive capacity and capacity development). Stakeholders during the session moderated by Mr Richard-Mark Mbaram, Technical Adviser on Knowledge Management and Communications to the Minister of Agriculture and Rural Development, spoke on the topic: Climate Change and Insecurity: What to Do and When. Finally, the government and other stakeholders need to develop new strategies to reduce the emission of GHGs. That is great because we don’t have to run … The Climate Apartheid: How Global Warming Affects the Rich and Poor A trip to Lagos, Nigeria to investigate the social consequences of climate change Nigeria is blessed with boundless solar radiation that can be harnessed and converted to electrical energy. General Flooding: Climate change has caused increase in flooding in the southern part especially in the coastal regions. Desertification, when fertile land becomes barren desert, affects as much as 60% of Nigeria’s land, exacerbated by drought and climate change. Energy: Climate change is expected to negatively impact the already limited electrical power supply in Nigeria, through impacts on hydroelectric and thermal generation (Ebele and Emodi, 2016). Climate change By Daniel Essiet The Country Manager, HarvestPlus Nigeria, Dr Paul Ilona has warned that food inflation is going to persist as climate change continues to harm food production. By David Biello on November 26, 2007; Share on Facebook. Fortunately, moving beyond standard solar panels and battery-powered cars, creative solutions to climate change are being cooked up—and put into use—daily. In addition, Dr Eni advocated for insurance of farmers against unpredictable weather conditions, saying, “Leaving the risks to farmers alone is not the way to go. Copyright © 2017 ResearchCyber.com. The energy contained in the force of the winds can be harnessed and converted into mechanical energy for performing various tasks such as generating electricity, pumping water, grinding grain, etc. They include wind, rivers, ocean wave and tides, solar, biomass, geothermal (heat of the earth), etc. “Modern agriculture is knowledge-driven. Plant Virologist at the Department of Biological Sciences, Covenant University, Dr Angela Eni, called for increased adoption of climate-smart agriculture in order to slash the contributions of agricultural productions to changing climate conditions. These include some of the continent’s largest populations, such as Nigeria, where only 50 percent of respondents said they knew about climate change, and South Africa (41 percent). Most of the energy we generate in Nigeria comes from the burning of fossil fuel (oil and gas). Under a high emissions scenario, diarrhoeal deaths attributable to climate change in children under 15 years old is projected to This is possible by using energy efficient appliances that help to reduce the energy necessary to provide services like lighting, cooling, heating, manufacturing, cooking, transport, entertainment etc. There are two important ways we can approach the efficient use of energy. [3] As scientific evidence abou… According to the United Nations Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, the world must cut its carbon dioxide emissions to net zero by 2050 in order to prevent global warming of 1.5°C, or likely more, above pre-industrial levels. Control Population: Yes, if the population is controlled, then climate change can also be controlled. In all the reviewed climate change studies on crop production in Nigeria [6,[9] [10] [11][12][17][18][19][20][21][22], only one has used a biophysical model to … Mudi also listed the lack of policy continuity and consistency on the part of the government as a major challenge. Summary: Climate change with its associated environment and socio-economic impacts constitute one of the most serious problems facing humanity today. Climate change refers to changes in climate patterns from mean values of certain climate indices over a period of time ranging from a few years to decades. This has led to flooding of low-lying areas in the region and affects agriculture, fisheries and general livelihoods. Your email address will not be published. So, climate-smart agriculture is the way to go as this takes into consideration things to be done to reduce the contribution of agriculture to climate change problems. Climate change results from human activities that cause emission of greenhouse gases: (carbon dioxide, chlorofluorocarbons, methane, aldehydes, nitrous oxides, ozone, water vapour, and others). Climate change solutions need to identify and exploit synergy, as well as seek to balance trade-offs, among the multiple objectives of sustainable development, disaster risk reduction and adaptation policies. The proper implementation of RETs can reduce significantly greenhouse gas emission which would reduce GHGs emission. Also speaking at the session, the new Executive Director of National Agricultural Extension and Research Liaison Services (NAERLS), Prof. Emmanuel Ikani, reiterated the role of an effective agricultural extension system in tackling climate change problems. Creation of awareness, mobilisation of policymakers, adoption of integrated farming techniques and increased investment in data collection are some of the critical steps Nigeria can take to reverse the current effects of climate change in the country. Loss of vegetation will in turn lead to the encroachment of the desert in many parts of northern Nigeria. Wave energy works in wondrous ways. United States, the entire continent of Africa contributes 3.5 percent of low-lying areas the. With energy efficiency bulbs lot to greenhouse gasses, especially in animal production part of is! Impose its agenda on the concurrent list, and so the Federal, state and local governments lot education. 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