It occurs along the rocky coast of Cameroon and covers a surface area of about 674 km² (Limbe Town Planning Office, 2000). The Cameroon range, a chain of mountains and hills, starts with Mount Cameroon on the coast, which is the highest point at 4,095 meters to the country’s northern end. The southern region extends from the Sanaga River to the southern border and from the coast eastward to the Central African Republic and the Republic of the Congo. portion of the Limbe coast, the Cameroon costal lowlands dominated by Barrier beaches, Barrier Islands, extensive creeks and Lagoon formations runs from the Bakassi islands in the west to Tiko and Douala in the central parts of the coastline and to the sandy beaches of the Kribi area to the south of the country. Some of these wetlands result from lava filled depressions, topographic channels which widen into flood plains and braided profiles, tidal activities in estuarine environments and shallow depressions beside the coast [ 33 , 34 ]. Douala’s average high is 90°F (32°C). CAMEROON. Dense rainforest of the Guinea Coast region, Korup National Park, Cameroon. The southwestern lowlands are located along the coast. The narrow Atlantic coastal lowland is hot and humid all year. This region is dominated by an equatorial rainforest with distinct wet and dry seasons. Many wetlands exist in Cameroon, with some located inland and across the national frontier, and others located within the coastal lowlands of mountain massifs. The region includes the lowland and coastal forests of southeastern Nigeria, southwestern Cameroon, and the lowlands of the island of Bioko, covering an area of 52,200 square kilometers (20,200 sq mi). The coastal lowland areas lie in the hot and humid south- west and south, around Cameroon hlountain, in the hlbam plain and in the valley of the middle Sanaga river. The Cameroon line is a 1,600 km (990 mi) chain of volcanoes. Nigeria’s Coastal area commence from the northern limit of the mangrove through Logging is depleting forests in the south and east. In the east, the plateau gradually lowers down to the Logone Valley and is divided into small ridges, while in the north its steep ledges drop to the depression of Lake Chad. This is more compelling because the consequences of the flood events are on the rise. The area delimiting the humid lowlands in Cameroon together with the study sites are shown in Fig. The southern plateau then moves to the Adamawa plateau. This plain extends inland from the Gulf of Guinea to the South Cameroon Plateau. The terrain is composed of southern lowlands, central hills and plateaus with mountains in the southeast and plains in north. Growing up to six feet tall and weighing up to 210kg, they’re primarily vegetarian, much of their diet consists of plants like bamboo, wild celery, and other leaves. This is thus a geomorphologically fragile zone of instability which presently comes under intense human-induced actions which has seen alteration in the hydro-geomorphic characteristics of the area over time. It consists of coastal plains that are about 25 miles (40 km) wide and a densely forested plateau with an average elevation of a little more than 2,000 feet (600 metres). The plotsincluded a cleared and unplanted farm fallow, cleared and replanted forestplots, and uncleared forest plots. agglomerations within the coastal lowlands of Cameroon currently suffering from recurrent high incidence of floods with a return period of just one year. It is less than twenty miles wide in most of the area northwest of Mount Cameroon, which divides the northwestern coastal plain from the broader lowlands in the central coastal … Surrounding the Cameroon massif, the stepped Cameroon Plateau rises above the coastal lowlands and it is divided by the Sanaga River into the southern Cameroon Plateau and the Adamawa Mountains. This area is part of the Atlantic Equatorial coastal forests ecoregion . Within the plateau and coastal lowlands, the Atlantic drainage system is also divided into three minor basins: West, Sanaga and South. The Cameroon highlands are formed partly of volcanic, partly of ancient crystalline rocks. A classical type area of a transient coastline is the Limbe Down Beach Coastal zone. – Cameroon is one of the few countries where coastal and lowland gorillas still exist. The Cross-Sanaga-Bioko coastal forests are a tropical moist broadleaf forest ecoregion of west-central Africa. lowlands of Cameroon, Nigeria, and Coˆte d0Ivoire are the main sources (ICRAF, 1995). The coastal plain is densely forested and is exceedingly hot and humid. (a) Briefly describe the characteristics of the climate of the Northern Lowlands and the Coastal Lowlands of Cameroon. In Cameroon, the humid lowlands are divided into two zones: the coastal lines with an altitude of 0–300 m and the continental plateau with an altitude ranging between 600 and 800 m above the sea level (Tonye et al., 1986). The replanted plots were line-planted withTerminalia ivorensis, but differed in the degree and methodof clearance. This study was conducted to identify soil management factors in view of optimizing oil palm production in coastal lowlands of Southwest Cameroon. Mount Cameroon is one of Africa's largest volcanoes, rising to 4040m above the coast of west Cameroon. 1. In August 1986, Lake Nyos, a crater lake, expelled CO2 and killed almost 2,000 people. 4. Cross-Sanaga-Bioko Coastal Forests cover the lowlands and coastal forests of Cameroon with the forests above 800 m on Mount Cameroon and 900 m above on inland mountains. The climate is equatorial in the south, tropical in center and arid in north. Butterfly diversity and abundance were sampled across eight 1-ha silvicultural treatment plots in southern Cameroon. The northwestern highlands run from the northern coast along the border with Nigeria. Vegetation. Crater Lakes exist from volcanism. Mount Cameroun is a still active volcano. Edward Parker/Oxford Scientific Films The tropical rainforest at elevations between 4,000 and 8,000 feet (1,200 and 2,400 metres) differs from that of the lowlands: the trees are smaller, are of different species, and are festooned with mosses, lichens, and other epiphytes . 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